Population Explosion Essay :- Hello students, Today we teach you how to writer Short Essay On Population Explosion, Lots of times this essay asked in exam as Essay on Population Explosion, Population Explosion Essay In English, Population Explosion paragraph, and Population Growth Essay. So, Don’t confused stay in this blog and note down in your copy.
Main Points Of Population Explosion Essay
- Role of medicine
- Second most populated country
- Cropping up problems
Population Explosion Essay In English
Introduction:- One major problem that faces the world today is the rapid growth of population, often referred to as population explosion. Until about 800 AD the world’s population stayed below 200 million. Since then It has risen dramatically. The rise has been greatest in the 20th century. The population has recently risen to about six billion. It is three times as large as it was in 1960. It is not so much the actual population as its rate of increase that is alarming. Experts predict that by 2010 there will be about ten billion people, causing serious problems of hunger, over crowding and environmental pollution.
Role of medicine:- This enormous increase of population is due to better food, better hygiene and above all the advances made in medicine. Rapid developments in modern medicine have conquered many diseases and consequently the death rate has decreased. Until the beginning of the 19th century, most people died before the age of 50. Today in developing countries the average life-span has risen to more than 70 years. The population goes on increasing at an alarming rate in spite of the practice of birth control in many parts of the world. Thomas Malthus, a British mathematician and economist, went to the extent of declaring that if unchecked, human population would grow in geometric progression (i.e. 1, 2, 4, 8 and so on) while food production could only grow in arithmetic progression (i.e. 1, 2, 3, 4 and so on). He was, of course, very pessimistic.
Second most populated country:- With a population of over one billion, India is the second most populous country in the world (China is the first most populous). India’s population has risen drastically since 1950. The population today is 2 ½ times as large as it was in 1950. It is rising by 2.9 percent per year, and in consequence, every year an extra 26 million people have to be provided for. The government is taking measures to check the population growth and a large percentage of people practise birth control. Recent advances in farming have made the country productive enough to feed the large population. Failure to arrest further increase of population may have disastrous effects, though there seems to be some truth in the statement made by Julian Simon of the university of England. According to him, although population growth means there will be more mouths to feed, there will be ‘more hands to work and more brains to think.
Cropping up problems:- The alarming growth of population in India has created a large number of problems. The food problem has been in con trol for two reasons. The agricultural yields has increased and about 10 crore vanvasis (forest dwellers) do not consume conventional foodgrains and edible oils. They sustain themselves on forest yields, fish, animals, roots and leaves. It is a world a city dweller cannot imagine of.
One of the greatest problems created by the rise in population is widening the gulf between the rich and the poor. Most of the children are born in the poor rural families. The burden on land had increases. The people migrate to the cities for jobs and live in slums which are the centres of corruption, bootlegging, smuggling and prostitution the villagers lost their identity and become a part of all these evils.
Illiteracy increases in proportion to the rise in population. According to a World Bank Report 100 crore illiterate people are expected to enter a new century in the world of these 50 crore would be in India alone. It is equal to the total population of India in 1960. With this growth no educational facilities can be provided. This results in total ignorance among the rural masses. India was the first to propagate family planning. It is the last to practise it.
Poverty and ignorance generated by population explosion befit the politicians at home. They can misguide the people. They can create rivalry among castes and religions for their personal interest. They can purchase the votes of the poor and ignorant. The most dangerous thing they do is to misguide the people. They frame different laws for different sections of society separately and allow them to multiply. The disparity is something like disintegration while they falsely propagate integration.
Conclusion:- The rise in population in the backward countries goes in the interest of the developed countries. As a rich politician can purchase votes of these ignorant poor a rich country purchases the interests of the backward countries. A big country like India has the status of a beggar in the world economy. We are proud of begging and securing loans. While the people are cursed under the line of poverty the government has to keep 70% of the budget for interest on foreign loans.
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